30 September 2016

Permanent exhibition – Vernacular Architecture

Vernacular architecture

On Herăstrău lakeside, right in the middle of the Romanian capital, the visitor from allover has the joy of meeting a real “village”, with monuments and artefacts beginning from XVII sec. until the early XX century; representative buildings from important ethnography areas regained a second life at “Dimitrie Gusti” National Village Museum.

“THE NEW VILLAGE” – Beginning with ’60s, in Romania was created a large open-air museums network, this activity enrolling to European aspirations of saving traditional built heritage.

Although,at that time it was preferred (as well as now) the conservation of the monument in situ, not to impair the natural environment where initially they grow, however, due to the legislation imposed conditions, and by the difficulty presentation in situ of such a construction type, it was adopted as the main method of saving, transferring in outdoor museums. It was the only way to save some outstanding examples of vernacular construction and the creation of a strong open-air museums network which totals today 19 units. In this context, the Village Museum in Bucharest was a paradigmatic landmark. The experience accumulated before 1936, the scientific method promoted by Dimitrie Gusti and the Bucharest School of Sociology and its improvement by the leaded generation directed by renowned sociologist, boosted field research into create other museums.

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