20 November 2016

CÂMPUL LUI NEAG, Hunedoara County, 1800

At the foot of Mount Retezat, in the western end of Petroșani depression, you will find Câmpul lui Neag village. The grange was brought to the Museum in the year 1957 and illustrates an archaic type of abode – the strong bounded household – specific to pastoral socio-economic lifestyle. The isolated character of the households, placed in the middle of the land properties, at altitudes of between 900 and 1000 metres has brought about the advent of this particular type of abode – the bounded household – which reunites all constructions inside a quadrilateral bulwark with access granted through a gateway, similar to a small medieval stronghold, designed to protect domestic animal herds from wild animals.

A traditional type of building, with walls made out of fir logs and a roof covered in shingles, this household dated in the year 1800 reunites inside the courtyard a house, shelters for animals, also storerooms for clothes and food. The house plan features two rooms with a partial vestibule for access to each room.

The big room is host to a fireplace with a chimney (Romanian: „căloniu”) positioned in a corner next to the middle wall with the longitudinal wall at the backside of the house. The hearth, raised about 0,30 metres from the ground features a pyramidal canopy built from woven wattles glued with clay. Exhibited near the fireplace, a range of wooden containers used for the preparation and storage of milk products stands out in the room. The furniture is humble, the work of local carpentry artisans (a bed, the bench with a backrest, the long seat without a back, dish rack and a rectangular table). The knapsack and jug hangers (Romanian: „cancee” or „fogase”) complete the assembly of furniture pieces.

The second room has no heating system and is transformed from a pantry into a guest room with furniture arranged by order of cultural principles – a bed, benches, the long chair, the tall table. The house also displays a horizontal perch hung up atop two beams on which to hang different fabrics.

The domestic inventory also holds wooden pots and bowls for milk and water, salt-cellars, spoons and clay vases. Home textiles such as drapes, sheets, woolen blankets, veils, carpets etc brighten up the living premises. On display inside, inbetween clothes and garments, a most noticeable piece of vestment is the bondsman overcoat.