20 November 2016

CHIOJDU MIC, Buzău County, the XVIIIth Century

The sub-Carpathian region of Buzău is host since the XVIIIth to XIXth century to monumental folk architecture with distinct features, illustrated on Museum premises by a house rebuilt in 1936 after a specimen from the beginning of the XVIIIth century. The village of Chiojdu Mic is a scattered settlement clustered towards the center, set on a depression shaped as a corridor on both sides of river Bâsca Chiojdului. In the olden days, the forests used to cover the hilltops and the mountains around the area, having constituted a rich source of income for the dwellers.

Pomiculture is a dominant occupation in this area, a fact reflected by traditional architecture with the advent of the two-storeyed house. The first storey features ample basements with functional divisions for fresh fruit storage and brandy barrels, the second storey hosts the living quarters. The house from the Museum is partnered by a large stave barrel (Romanian: „zăcătoare”) with a shingled roof supported on pillars, used for the storage of fruit for fermentation.

The house is erected on a fundament of river stone masonry to shelter the cellar and the tool shed. The walls of the house are made with round fir beams small in diameter, set up horizontally with the ends extended over the wall lines, with prominent corners. A beautiful open pavilion is stretched out across the basement to shield the entrance.

The hipped roof is covered in a shroud designed like fish scales. The access inside the upper storey is made by means of an exterior rock stairway, situated on the front side of the house. The main decorative elements on beams, pavilion pillars and porch handrails are sculpted and graved, headed with fretted boards. The household plans feature an arrangement as follows – the vestibule (Romanian: „sala”), the big room, the small room, the balcony porch.  The vestibule is narrow and dark, with a flooring of glued earth; it is used as a hallway room and a storage space for household items. The hallway holds the entrances to each lateral room – the guest room and the living room.

The interior of the household is customized with a display of woolen carpet and cotton towels, adorned with ample decorative compositions, embroidered and woven with folk motifs. The hallway and the small room features various objects specific to pastoral lifestyle: containers for milk processing (buckets, wooden milking crates and vessels), two cherry bark horns (traditional instruments used by shepherds to signal by sound), curd pots etc.