20 November 2016

CLOPOTIVA, Hunedoara County

With a surface of over 400 km, Țara Hațegului, bordered by Retezat mountains, Poiana Ruscă Mountains and Sebeș Mountains presents itself as a distinct historical and geographic unit. The area encompasses the Hațeg depression, as well as the contact region between the lowlands and the mountains.

The house, built in Clopotiva in 1920, was transferred on Museum premises in the year 2004. It is a two storyed house (ground floor and first floor), typical for turn of the XXth century architecture around Țara Hațegului region. This model home (with stone and wooden walls covered in shingles) has replaced the old-styled homes – the wooden houses – with one or two rooms, covered in hay rooftops or shingles.

The groundfloor is host to the kitchen (used as a living room during summertime) and the basement. On the first floor, the house features a guest room (facing the road) and a work room which was used as sleeping quarters for the family during wintertime (heating was done using an iron stove) in order to keep an eye on sheep bounded in the courtyard. One of the sides of the courtyard is bordered by the house brickwork.

Walls are adorned with towels and ceramic pots. The work room used to house social gatherings for the women in the village to spin hemp and wool, women used to sing and tell stories. Late during the gathering, the young chaps used to come around and take the girls dancing.

The three annexed constructions inside the household enclosure originate from the village of Paros – the barn with stables, the corn barn and the pigpen. The barn is erected on a foundation made out of mountain rocks. The walls are supported by hewn fir wood beams laid horizontally with a straight notch.

The hipped roof is supported by a fir wood framework and is covered with rye straw sheaves, bundled together using a particular technique. The fence and the gateway have been built on Museum premises in the year 2010, the originals can be found back on the original site.

One characteristic of folk costumes (both masculine and feminine) from Țara Hațegului is the large hood (Romanian: „cășulă”), knitted from white cloth, fashioned with long tassels and colorful designs. The hood would have been worn on the shoulder, used as a knapsack. During wintertime or occasional drizzles, it would have been worn on the head.

A specific element for feminine folk costume, worn until mid last century was the loop (Romanian: „conci”) – a hair accessory (initially made out of wood, then wire) of elongated shape with two-horned endings.