20 November 2016

DRĂGUȘ, Brașov County, the XIXth Century

The territory between the ridges of Făgăraș Mountains and Olt River, ranging from Turnu-Roșu to Mateiaș encompass an ethnographic area called Țara Oltului or Țara Făgărașului. Attested since the XIIth century, Țara Oltului is known back from early medieval times as an ancient Romanian land with inhabitans that used to practice agriculture and cattle breeding. Agricultural works, developed in early times using a system known as – the three-fields system – are closely linked to livestock breeding, evidence to this stand the proportions of the stabled barns built equal in size to the houses.

The Drăguș village is a collected village. The household transferred on Museum premises in 1936 dates back to the XIXth century and is comprised of two main constructions: the house and the fir wood barn with a thatched rye roof. The house is built on a rock fundament with a cellar, walls are made out of fir wood beams and girder notched straight, covered in plaster and painted with whitewash. The half-hipped roof is covered with rounded shingles in a scale pattern. The porch pillars along the frontage have four carved edges and a fretted board handrail.

The house plan is asymmetric due to different room sizes: entrance hall with a pantry and a living room with a dresser. The heating system is represented by an oven with a tall chimney set in the hallway and a fireplace with a stove set in the room next to the road. Details that make this house specific are present on furniture painted with floral motifs – chests, benches with a backrest and hangers for ceramic objects, displayed all around the room to showcase colourful pots, pans, plates, religious icons, crafted and painted by famous religious artists from the region of Făgăraș.

Fabrics that decorate the interior – rugs, carpets, tapestry – either short or long, are placed near the beams, windows and religious icons to adorn the interior with geometric patterns (line systems), fruit and vegetables patterns using a chromatic style centered around tones of red and black with polychrome accents. The generous amount of objects pertaining to all genres of folk art – textiles, costumes, ceramics, glass painting, wood crafts – offer a clue to style specifics in the Făgăraș area.