20 November 2016

FUNDU MOLDOVEI, Suceava County, turn of the XXth Century

Fundu Moldovei, from the region of Câmpulung Moldovenesc, is a commune representative for mountain localities in the Bucovina area, a vernacular melting pot for the interest of ethnologists at the turn of the XXth century, having been chosen, following a tip from historian Ion Nistor, for the purpose of sociologic research set out by Dimitrie Gusti. The area of Câmpulung Moldovenesc is characterized by stunning views and places with large demographics ever since back in the days when people used to breed large sheep herds, cut wood and process timber, cultivate textiles on large valleys and low hills.

The household, typical for this kind of region, dates back to the year 1901 and features a grand entrance underneath a shingled rooftop; a fir wood palisade (Romanian: „zăplaz”) fitted on cobblestone; a barn with stables and a repository with a hay loft (Romanian: „fânar”); a cottage (summer kitchen similar to pastoral shelters on high hills); a log house built with hand hewn fir beams with dovetail notches. Set up on a rough stone foundation, the house features a central veranda, wide in depth, built with hand-hewn posts and enclosed handrail. The exterior of the house is made out of wood. The entrance door and large windows are framed by a rectangular contour painted with whitewash, typical to the region. The interior plan consists of a long hall with double access, from the house and the garden, the big house or guest house at North, the little house or the fireplace room and the pantry at South.

The heating and cooking system from the little house is a complex construction with a high base, fireplace and chimney supported on two narrow wooden pillars or wrought iron with artistic shapes, featuring a bread oven with a sleeping bed on top and an additional stove for cooking latterly integrated inside this type of fireplace. The corner behind the door is fitted with a sideboard to showcase ceramic pieces. The weaving loom, a must-have piece for Romanian households, is present in this room.

The big house is a showroom in itself. Two long benches covered with rugs are sat next to the wall underneath the windows; a table with tablespread (Romanian: „strecătoare”); two beds with bedclothes, together with big pillows and small pillows, a chest of drawers painted with floral motifs and dated 1877; overneath the chest and the bed lies suspended a top which holds women’s folk costumes, also a men’s overcoat and men’s waistbands; on the floor, leather boots. A true folk art gem piece is the encrusted brass hatchet with a hard dogwood tail engraved with geometric motifs. Two pastoral musical instruments are of particular interest – the alpenhorn, made from maple tree wood wrapped in cherry bark, showcased on the wall in the hall room, and the trumpet exhibited in the big room.