20 November 2016

GOICEA MICĂ, Dolj County, the XIXth Century

The house from Goice Mică originates from the plains area of Oltenia. It is a home from the end of the XIXth century coupled with a dog house and surrounded by a groove fence. The household featured in the Museum is representative for the village of Goicea Mică situated along the road on Desnățului Valley, running across the plain on the rightside of Jiu River. Ever since the earliest of times, main occupations in the area consisted of cereal agriculture, cattle breeding and fishing. Another particular activity practiced until not long ago was sericulture (silk worm farming), evidence stand the large number of mulberry trees planted after WW1 and the variety of silk fabrics.

Built with burnt brick, wood and finished with beaten earth, with a hipped-roof covered in fabricated shingles, facing the street from the East, the house plan features a wide porch with a slightly raised veranda over the cellar entrance from the South. The middle hallway (Romanian: „tindă”, or „ogeac”) with a fireplace, a daily living room adjoined by the hearth – the little room – to the North and the clean room or the big house to the South.

Overneath the fireplace, opposite the entrance, a pyramidal chimney supported by two mantelpieces eases the smoke circulation. An earthen pot (testum) reminiscent of a bell mouth (set on top of bread, used for baking), numerous clay pots and wrought iron utensils lay around the fire. Multicolored bowls, wooden buckets and brass cauldrons with decorative engravings, wooden cupels, brass pans decorated with hammer and chisel, a round table with small chairs of short triangular prism shapes, a cupboard for dishes and a few enamel pitchers (Oboga ceramic) – carry out the inventory of this authentic kitchen.

The work room is host to the weaving loom featuring a yellow borangic fabric with colored silk thread flourishings. The room exhibits a selection of silk veils, towels and drapes, fashioned with decoration motifs and embroidery, objects of importance that pertain to the wedding trousseau of young women, frequently used as room show pieces. Bedclothes, rugs (Romanian: „scoarțe”) and carpets (Romanian: „chilimuri”). Alembics, tapestry, woolen headrests fashioned with colored stripes, rhombuses, crosses and sacrament symbols, stars, mistletoe branches and buds, cover the walls and the beds of the two rooms, objects stacked atop the chests – crafted in wood with painted decorations and artistic etchings.