20 November 2016

IEUD, Maramureș County

The only household that used to represent Maramureș region on Museum premises at the date of inauguration in 1936 was the house from Ieud, dating to the year 1890.

The entrance inside the household is made through a monumental oak wood gate with fir wood tiles on the rooftop. The gateway features a double door made from fir boards fit for cattle harnesses and wagons, also a small gate, for entrance. The gate is richly sculptured, ornated with

the rope motif and geometric patterns. This typical gate from Maramureș is a distinctive mark to a social category: the free peasants (Romanian: „nemeși”). A bench sheltered with a shingled rooftop sits next to the gateway, used for social purposes.

Apart from the house, the household yard features a series of annexe buildings which exemplify the main trades and occupations the inhabitants used to engage in, the breeding of livestock: a barn with two stables and a hay shelter, a hay pole-barn with moving rooftop, a woodstead (Romanian: „colejna”) with a pigpen. Also present inside the courtyard, the water well with a shadoof (well sweep) and bucket, with a fir wood planked shaft, and on the opposite side, a small restroom.

The house is built with the aid of fir tree crown posts on a short rock foundation, it features a porch running across three sides with fretted balustrade decking and chiseled pillars united in an arcade. The walls are made of hand-hewn fir tree logs jointed using the – blockbau – technique (horizontal beams connected with notches). The floor is made out of earth composted with chaff and manure. The big room is floored with wooden planks. The hipped roof is covered with fir wood shingles, laid on two rows.

The houseplan consists of a middle hallway, the big room, the little room and a pantry. The hallway (with no ceiling or windows) holds the entrance to the big room, positioned on the North side of the house, also to the little room, situated on the South side. The little room, which also hosts the kitchen, communicates to the pantry. A large fireplace can be found left of the entrance, built on a wooden frame. Opposite from it, there’s a bed corner, also the top girder used to hang for display woolen fabrics (rugs and carpets). Rows and rows of clay pots, religious icons and towels are displayed above the benches present inside the room.