20 November 2016

JURILOVCA, Tulcea County, 1898

The Lippovans, a Slavic population, have arrived in our country at the turn of the XVIIIth century and settled on the banks of Dobrogea lakes and the dunes of the Danube Delta. Main occupations that engaged people in Lippovan village are fishing and viniculture. Structurally speaking, the lay of the land in Lippovan villages is orderly, with wide and straight roads. The particular architecture of the region exhibits households that gather under one roof the house and the annexes, together with the use of clay and reed straws as building materials.

This certain type of house which reunites all household annexes – ensemble built in 1898 – was brought on Museum premises in 1963 from the commune of Jurilovca, situated on the banks of Razim Lake (Razelm). The 10 rooms it holds serve for different functions, are arranged in a narrow angle, the other two sides of the interior are enclosed by a stone fence. The inner space thus created hosts the cooking oven during the summer and the bird shack.

The living quarters house plan features five rooms: two hallways, two living rooms – one guesthouse – and a kitchen, all linked together. The small side reunites the stable, the fish smokehouse and a multifunctional room – used for storage, also for working: the corner that connects the rooms holds a partially closed shed and a store room for fishing gear. The shed is linked to the back of the household, leading towards the steam room, next to which there’s an open barn which shelters the winepress and agriculture tools.

All constructions have a thatched rooftop laid (sewn) in rows. Architectonically, the exterior of the house is surrounded by a low porch with sculptured pillars placed in front of the living rooms, small verandas in front of the entrances, colored frames, doors painted with potted Tree of Life symbols and fretted fascia boards. The room interiors are similarly colored, the presence of rugs, tapestries, bedclothes, quilts, paintings on wood, glass or cardboard is remarkable. Considering its construction, its decorative elements, the presence of numerous fishing gear, the household from Jurilovca is a valuable testament of the lifestyle and workways of a population that regards Romania its second home.