20 November 2016

MĂLDĂREŞTI, Vâlcea County, the XIXth Century

The household from Măldărești, dated to the turn of the XIXth century, is typical to Vâlcea region sub-Carpathic settlements and consists of a house and a corn shed. Built using notched beams, the front side of the house features an asymmetric veranda fitted with beautifully carved pillars designed to enlarge available space and to shelter the entrance to the cellar (during summertime, this was the place to install and work a weaking loom or set up bed for sleeping).

The original constructions were transferred on Museum premises in the year 1936. Originating from a depression area of Horez, pertaining to a settlement scattered at the foot of sub-Carpathic hills, the ensemble is characteristic to the lifestyle of a population engaged in breeding cattle, growing orchards, lumberjacking and artistic workmanship.

The house is composed of a kitchen vernacularry reffered to – the fire room – and a living room. The open fireplace from the kitchen is the central element of this space, in relation to which the simple furniture pieces are arranged after. The furnishings are crafted in the Romanii de Jos center: a three-legged round table, low chairs, a bench to showcase kitchen utensils. The hearth in the hallway is host to the testum (an earthen pot set on top of bread, used for baking) and simply decorated red clay pots, manufactured by potters from Slătioara village.

The living room (Romanian: „casa”) is heated by a double-sided fireplace, built with bricks. The furniture in this room consists of a tall table set near the windows and two parallel beds. The room is adorned with lively colored tapestries, in association with sobre pieces of natural color. The ceramic plates manufactured in the famous Horezu center are discreetly ornate with green and brown, on a yellow background. Ornamental traits are reduced to must-have elements, an artistic equilibrium fit for a simple lifestyle specific the area it represents, the construction is a standard to architecture values treasured by the patrimony of The Village Museum.