20 November 2016

MASTACĂN, Neamț County, the XIXth Century

Mastacăn household originates from a scattered village situated on a scenery or rare beaty, along Bistrița Valley. It was built in the XIXth century and transferred on Museum premisis in 1957. Apart from the house, the grange consists of an oven for drying and smoking fruit, a grindstone for sharpening tools and a pigpen.

The house is surrounded on three sides by a porch without pillars, the plans feature two rooms, the entrance hall and a living room. Constructively, the round fir beams are notched together („sheepherd style”) and glued on the interior and exterior with clay to form the walls, covered with a traditional hipped-rooftop covered with wooden shingles laid on two rows.

A wide range of fabrics (towels, tapestries, carpets) and folk costume pieces adorn the top beam above the bed (chemises, vests, richly decorated sheepskin coat) in a multicolored fashion. They are associated with beautifully etched furniture pieces (chests, cabinets, hangers) to give the room a sophisticated touch.

Principal occupations that engage the residents of Mastacăn village are sheep breeding and timber rafting, practices reflected in the objects displayed inside the household present in the Museum: the milk bucket (Romanian: „cupa”), the butter churner (Romanian: „bărbânța”), the corn coop (Romanian: „leasa de bătut porumbul”), the measure cereal pitcher (Romanian: „ocaua pentru măsurat cereale”) etc., also a number of tools used for these occupations (the hatchet, the axe, the cant hook).