20 November 2016

PIATRA ŞOIMULUI, Neamț County, the XIXth Century

The Neamț house, conveyed on Museum property in 1936, represents a typical domicile for the late XIXth century towards early next century.

Built on a rock foundation, with walls made from fir wood beams and a hipped rooftop covered with shingles (duck beak style), the house is ran across three sides by a veranda (Romanian: „cerdac”) with a fretted board handrail and fretted pillars with fleurons.

The entrance inside the house runs through a middle hallway (Romanian: „sală”) which communicates with two rooms: the „big room” (guest room) and the „little room” (the living room). The pantry (Romanian: „chiler”) is situated in the back of the house, underneath the eaves, with a separate entrance through from the porch.

The heating system is consisted of a cooking stove and hotplate; the smoke is evacuated up the attic, then outside through two hatchways in the roof.

Each room reunites various categories of objects intended to illustrate the cultural and socio-economic status of the owner, consequently, the area. Furniture in the „small room” exhibits a big wooden bed, a low table and chairs, the cupboard for kitchen vessels; this same room houses the weaving loom and tools used in domestic textile industry, to craft functional and decorativ fabrics – pieces like woolen bedspreads and cotton towels.

The „big room” is festively decorated, highlight furniture pieces and objects – the high talbe, the chest, the benches, stand out among artistic fabrics and tapestries, bedspreads, napkins and folk costumes displayed on the top beam, overneath the bead.

Inventory pieces inside the house are a reflection of occupations engaged by its inhabitants, cattle breeding, lumberjacking, water logging down Bistrița river, an occupation represented by two specific objects (stored in the hallway), made of iron with a wooden handle: the stake (Romanian: „țîiac”) and a h0ok (Romanian: „horog”). Both domestic objects and work tools are stored in the hallway and the shed, or pantry.