20 November 2016

TILIȘCA, Sibiu County

Tilișca village, situated on the the northern peak foothills of the Middle Carpathian Mountains, is represented on the Museum open-air expo by a house dated 1847 and re-built on premises in 1936. As a submontane settlement, the village of Tilișca is made up of two parts: the collected village, positioned along the valley, and the upper mountain hay bundles part, composed of cottages (shelters of great economic importance for residents).

The main occupations that entertained people living in this area know as – the „Brim” or the „Brims of Sibiu” have been the breeding of cattle and sheep (an occupation called migratory sheepherding) and agriculture. The house is set next to the fence, oriented with the frontside towards the street and surrounded by a fence built with horizontal planks, a typical setting for houses in the region.

The access inside the household is made through a gate built with beautifully carved oak wood pillars, dated 1829. The house sits atop a stone base which houses the cellar, built with hand-hewn logs notched straight. The steep gable roof is wrapped in 1.20 metre long wooden slates. A specific detail to olden architecture in the region is the additional half-gabled roof (Romanian: „privar”) that sheds the central porch area.

The house plan features two rooms: the „clean” room and the living room, separated by the vestibule (Romanian: „tinda”), reminiscent of archaic type pastoral houses in the Carpathinas, featuring a single quadrilateral room, with no ceiling and an open fireplace made of stone, set in a corner of the dwelling.

The heating system in the living room is represented by the hearth with a prism-shaped chimney covered with terracotta tiles, a hearth which serves for cooking food. The furnishings, the presence of the hearth, also the suite of domestic tools and utensils, render a practical purpose for this room.

The „big” room or the „clean” room is „dressed” with numerous colorfully decorated fabrics, fashioned with geometric patters on a red background, jugs hung by the girder, glass-painted religious icons to bless house guests. This place is designed to host family events and calendar holidays etc. Noteworthy as well, the clean room is considered a reflection of the economic status of its residents, the diligence and hard work of the women in the family for weaving fabrics.