20 November 2016

VOITINEL, Suceava County, the XVIIIth Century

The collected village of Voitinel (presently, a commune) is situated on the northern side of Rădăuți depression. Main occupations of residents in the area are cattle breeding, agriculture and lumberjacking, next to potato growing and apiculture, the village is host to a series of apiaries.

The abundance of wood in the area has determined its use for building traditional houses, a fact illustrated by the household transferred to the Museum in 1960. It is represented by the house itself, a summer kitchen, a well and a dog house.

Built from massive logs, on a low stone foundation, the house features a middle entrance hall with no roof, a small living chamber (Romanian: „odaie”), the „big house” (the living room), a pantry and a gazebo to shelter the entrance from rain and snow. The hipped roof is covered in fir wood tiles. The exterior walls of the house are covered with natural clay colored white to grey.

The vestibule is host to several domestic objects, the two rooms are fitted with massive ovens with an open fireplace and a sleeping area. Furniture in the „big house” is simple and traditional, having been made by local craftsmen; benches sit next to the walls, and the table, bed and closet round up the inventory of the room.

Among interior decorations stand out the numerous categories of textiles (aprons, rugs, tapestries) associated with pieces of festival costumes (displayed on the beam atop the bed) and domestic items arranged according to popular taste on the shelves.

The summer kitchen with a veranda is host to kitchen utensils and the well behind the household is built with walls made from a tree trunk with a winch styled as a „stork beak”. The entire architectural ensemble is rooted in traditional village lifestyles and cultures of the Bucovina lands.