20 November 2016

Watermill, 19th century, Plavișevița, Mehedinți County

Plavișevița (a former name for the modern-day Dubova) is located in the south-western part of Mehedinți County, between Orșova and Șvinița, and near the Danube River, around Almăjului Mountains and Clisura Cazanelor.

The fixture was transferred to the Village Museum in 1969.

Built in stone, the mill’s cover is pierced, at ground level, by a wooden cylinder which transports the water from the pond towards the blades of the horizontal wheel (Romanian: „făcaie”). Both the cylinder and the waterwheel would be crafted from alder wood and their service life would be expected to run up to 7 to 8 years.

The waterwheel would spin the runner stone located underneath the grain hopper via the metal shaft. The stones and the water wheel are smaller than the ones one would find in a vertical wheel mill. The grains are poured from the hopper and in between the runner stone and the bed-stone where they are crushed and turned into flour, which finally lands in a crate (Romanian: „postavă”). The roof of the mill is covered in tiles, while the bridge, located on the same level with the bed-stone, is crafted in beech wood. While similar, regarding building materials, woodwork, scales and proportions, each mill has its own particularities that separate it from the rest. The millstones would be delivered from Șvinița, a nearby village.