20 November 2016

Horizontal waterwheel mill, Teregova

Horizontal waterwheel mill, 19th century, Teregova, Caraș-Severin County

The installation was transferred to the Village Museum back in 1961. It is the first of its kind to ever be displayed in an open-air museum. The draw mill’s main differentiating point is its elevated structure. Supported by pillars, it sits above the waters of a man-made pond. Usually, this type of construction is installed adjacent to a narrow river course.

The mechanism in question comprises an axle, millstones, a basket and a wheel. The walls are constructed in rectangular cross section beams cut and hewn out of voluminous tree trunks laid in a crown post structure which features mortise and tenon joints, while the roof is covered in tiles.

The horizontal waterwheel mill (also locally referred to as a draw mill) is regarded as the most striking type of mills found in Romania as it is widely considered to be the precursor of the more recent turbine. Succeeding the grinder, this type of construction is part of a new chapter in the evolution of milling techniques.

Regarding watermill typology, the draw mill is considered to be the most basic of installations, as it works by directly transmitting movement from the waterwheel to the runner stone.