20 November 2016

Teaca Wine Press, Bistrița-Năsăud, 1793

Built in 1793, according to the engraving on the girder supporting the screw (1793 IN SPER ANO DOMINE), Teaca wine press originates from a settlement in the Transylvanian Plain and can be classified as one of many technical rural installations. The hilly, low-altitude, mild weathered region fostered the development of activities such as agriculture, farming and, most of all, grape growing. Centuries ago, wine was an important trading commodity that kept the region’s commercial ties with Moldavia active. These trading connections justify the existence of far-reaching vineyards in the region.

This type of installation would incorporate hardwood components. The bridge includes four girders, the pillars, the basket, the two-way beam at the end of which the screw is attached are all hand carved in oak wood. The screw is constructed in wild pear wood because of its dense, resilient fiber, while the basket in which the grapes are placed is crafted from woven twigs. This type of basket could accommodate enough grapes to yield around 300 liters of wine.

Teaca wine press adds indispensable input to what we know about wine-making, this historic occupation that defined numerous rural settlements in Romania.