20 November 2016

Câmpanii de Sus, Bihor

Household, 19th century

The household originates from the superior valley of Crişul Negru, at the foot of Biharia Mountains. The structure and the organization of the household reflect the main occupations of the inhabitants of this area (animal and field husbandry on small lots) through the space given to annexes: a barn with stables, storehouses, a hog-pen and an oil press.

The buildings are made on stone sill walls, with wooden walls (plastered and whitewashed for the house) and covered with fir shingles. The house includes a central entrance hall, two living rooms and a stoop and balcony sustained by posts upfront. In the “big house” the interior organization is typical for the end of the 19th century: pottery from the centers in Sălişte de Vaşcău, Criştioru de Jos şi Leheceni, icons, chests with bulged covers made by the masters in Budureasa and other furniture items, objects made by the blacksmiths in Vărzari, hemp and cotton weavings (towels, table clothes, pillows), apparel items made by the furriers in Vaşcău and coarse peasant coats from Sârbeşti.