12 July 2018

Stone sheep wintershed, middle of the 19th century, Şugag, Alba County

The sheep wintershed, locally called “the sheep yard” is a pastoral construction of archaic type, specific to scattered villages of the Şureanu Mountains, used to shelter sheep in wintertime. The wintershed was transferred in the museum in 1994 from the village of Arţ (Şugag Commune), from Ştefan Gheorghe (aka Păstoiu).

The walls are made of mica-schist with lime and sand mortar. The roof was not preserved in the field, but was rebuilt based on information from the owner. Thus, in the specific of the area, the roof framework was made from fir, and the covering from rye straws mounted in the sheaves (“jipi”) technique, with eaves of soft wood shingles.

The building can shelter 100-120 sheep. Next to it, there are two pens separated by a gate.

The usage of stone for such a shepherding construction is a rarity. Actually, except for the relatively recent stone sheep winter shed (built under the guidance of Father Arsenie Boca) at the Prislop Monastery (Hunedoara County), the one that is today in the Village Musem is the only item that preserves this construction technique.