HORSES FOUNTAIN

horses Fountain , Lădeşti, Vâlcea county, 19th century

Characteristic of the mountainous, premontane and hilly areas of the country, the "horse fountain", with public utility, represents an ingenious water capture system through its simplicity and efficiency. Located in the border, the "fountain with horses" is accessible to the neighboring rural communities, in order to satisfy the pressing needs of life. The fountain means water, and water means life. In Oltenia, the fountain, as a source of life, is a building that implies fasting and prayer before the work begins. And like any building, it must have a fir tree on top. Then there is the owner's covenant not to refuse water from the well to the thirsty.
Intended to complete the existing typology of fountains in the permanent exhibition, the "fountain with horses", transferred from the place of Serana, Lădeşti commune, Vâlcea county, the fountain, built in the 19th century, was known by the locals as the fountain of the Persians, after the family name of the one who patronized it. Unlike the Dobrogean "horse fountain" (or manege), this is a spring catchment guarded by two horizontal wooden beams, carved at the ends in the shape of a horse's head, hence the name horse fountain.
The component parts of the well are: the well itself or the pit, the means through which the water table is penetrated and the protective elements of the well: sides, pediment and sloping roof, built of oak wood. Above the free central third of the previous wall, the beam is carved arched, thus increasing the space for access to water. Extracting water from this type of well is usually done with a shovel.
Through their constructive elements, fountains represent the most eloquent expression of creative effort converted into adaptation to the material requirements of life, under specific conditions imposed by the historical and natural environment. The artistic elements of the monument consist of the "fountain horses" carved in the central "furs" and the naive painting, made with natural dyes, arranged on the pediment.

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