House, Budieni, Gorj 1882

Situated less than 10 km far from Târgu Jiu, Budieni is situated in the Subcarpathian hills area from the south-west region of Romania. Among the main occupations of the village inhabitants, we mention the agriculture, fruit growing, viticulture and handcrafts related to the wood processing. From this place, the house was transferred in the Village Museum in 1993, and it is also known as Beuran, named after the former owners, family of priests.

The house, dating from 1882, has two floors, including the ground floor with a basement, built on (“bottoms”, “bears”) foundation and the superior floor with three rooms included in an L-shaped plan. The house is built of massive oak beams carved with the hatchet on four sides and fixed at the ends in straight joints. The porch of the ground floor is open, and it is built for the total length on the main façade. The porch from the living floor surrounds the house on three sides, being supported by the carved and ornamentally sculpted pillars with motifs as “wolf tooth” and broken line. The planks and beams endings are carved in horses heads and ornamentally with geometric motifs obtained by combining the broken line.

The carved rafters on four side in oak wood end in customized horse heads, reiterating the ornaments of the ground floor planks and beams.

The ceiling from the ground floor is built in massive oak planks, and the ceiling from the superior floor is worked in hornbeam wicker and daubed with clay in order to thermally insulate the floor. The living floor is plastered with clay duab on the outside and on the inside, over hazel wicker, and it is whitewashed.

The access to the superior floor is made by the stairs placed on the side with the road. The roof in four steep slopes has a covering of fir shingles fixed in two rows.
The windows are protected by the iron bars or “lattice”.

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