Household, Câmpanii de Sus, Bihor, 19TH CENTURY
The household comes from the superior valley of Crișul Negru, area situated in the foothills of Bihariei Mountains. The structure and the organization of the household reflects the main occupations of the inhabitants from this area (animal husbandry, and cultivation of small lots of land) in this generous space allocated to the facilities: barn with stables, storerooms, pigsty, and oil press.
The constructions are executed on high stone foundation, with walls in wood appearance – for the appurtenances, and the walls of the house are plastered and whitewashed. The roof structures are adapted to climatic conditions from the mountain areas, being covered in pine shingles.
The house includes a median beam, two living rooms, and the porch with a gazebo and pillars on the front panel. In the “large house”, the interior organization is specific for the end of the 19th century, and here can be admired pottery products belonging to centres from Sălişte de Vaşcău, Criştioru de jos and Leheceni, icons, cases with curved cover manufactured by the cases craftsmen in Budureasa, or the products from the blacksmiths in Vărzari. The fabrics in hempseed and cotton (towels, tablecloths, pillows), and the suit products executed by the skinners in Vaşcău, and coats manufacturers in Sârbeşti, complete the patriarchal appearance of house in Câmpani.