Salciua de dos, Alba county

Found in the heart of Transylvania, on Arieș River valley, Sălciua de Jos village is representative for the traditional architecture specific for Apuseni Mountains at the beginning of the 19th century. Amongst the main occupations of the locals, next to shepherding and agriculture, are forestry, mining and woodworking.
From this area was transferred in the museum, in 1936, the villager Ion Buta's house, dated in 1815. Both the house and the food storehouse are built from rectangular hewed fir beams, raised on stone socles. The steep roof is three times taller than the walls, and has a covering made of “stomped” wheat straws. The house has a special charm, highlighted by the sequence of pillars and arches of the porch, and of the wood lattice with ornamental shapes, placed like a spider web in front of the tiny windows covered in the past with sheep bladder. One can note that the hard-living conditions from the past generated and preserved here some of the most archaic architectural shapes.
The house plan is simple, being made from a foyer and a room. In the first one there is a high hearth with a suspended pyramidal chimney, built from basalt slabs. The living room impresses with the richness of the wood fabrics and glazed pottery, as well as of the cotton towels hanged on the walls around the plates and the icons. The furniture in the room includes a high bed fixed on two sides between the wall beams, benches, a high table, several chairs with carved backrest, dowry chests, and a cradle hanged from the ceiling beams. Remarkable are also the little wood utensils, the distaffs, the splinters for unwinding the hemp yarn, the case for the scythe stone, the “sorcova” or the wood water ladles.

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Presentation of the Village Museum