SPERMEZEU HOUSEHOLD

Household, SPERMEZEU, Bistrita-Năsăud 20th century

The village of Spermezeu, documentary attested since 1456, is found in the north-west part of Bistriţa-Năsăud County, at approximately 30 km of Ţibleş Mountains. The main occupation of the inhabitants is animal husbandry, completed by the agriculture on small lots.
The village of Spermezeu, documentary attested since 1456, is found in the north-west part of Bistriţa-Năsăud County, at approximately 30 km of Ţibleş Mountains. The main occupation of the inhabitants is animal husbandry, completed by the agriculture on small lots. The household, dated at the middle of the 20th century, was donated to the museum in 2016 by His Grace Macarie, Orthodox Bishop of Northern Europe. The household includes a house, a barn with stable, a summer kitchen with oven and two henhouses.
The house is raised on a high river bank rock socle, having the walls made of beech wood, plastered with clay and whitewashed, in and out. The roof with shingle covering is hipped and steep, with large eaves. The veranda, closed with a parapet, extends on all the main façade.
The house plan includes three rooms: the living room (centrally placed, at the entrance), flanked on the right by the “clean room” and on the left by the pantry, where the entry to the attic can also be found. The furniture is simple, made in the local workshops. In the „clean room” there are two beds on the two long sides of the room, and a central table. The room is adorned with traditional fabrics, icons on glass and decorative plates. The house heating is ensured through a brick cookstove placed in the living room and an in-wall (“blind”) stove in the “clean room”.
The barn with stable is a multifunctional building made of: the barn threshing floor, the cattle stable and a storeroom for household tools. The stable is made of rover bank rocks, having the ceiling made of massive beams covered with split wood. The rest of the building has wood beam walls. The roof is ridged, with a gable, the loft being used to store hay.

Subscribe to our Newsletter!

Get the latest news, exclusive offers and museum updates.

VIRTUAL TOUR OF THE VILLAGE MUSEUM

Presentation of the Village Museum