20 November 2016

OSTROV, Constanța County, the XIXth Century

The household originates from the village of Ostrov, a settlement on the left bank of Danube, built at the turn of XIXth century and was transferred on Museum premises in 1958. Aside from agriculture and viniculture, the villagers of Ostrov, were engaged in fishing and beekeeping.

The grange consists of the house, the bread oven and the barn. A wicker basket for cereals sits in front of the barn, also a wooden container (Romanian: „corâtă”) used for viniculture.

From a constructive standpoint, the house is built on a foundation of clay and straw, with a wattle wall interlaced with with hornbeam and oak twigs glued with clay, covered by hipped-roof with tiles.

The house plan features an entrance hall (used as a kitchen) with two chimneys (Romanian: „ogeacuri”) – used to cover the stove and hearth of the two mediteranean fireplaces in the next rooms. What follows is the living room, the clean room, and a closet to store work tools. A low porch is buit along the frontside of the house, with beautifully sculptured columns, painted red, elements that stand out as main decorations for the house.

The kitchen inventory consists of a number of oriental pieces belonging to the long-lived cohabitation with Turkish and Tatar minorities. Notable pieces include a small low round table (Romanian: „sinia”) shaped like an upside down hat, only found in these regions – and brass vessels amongstwhich are cauldrons, trays, plates, buckets (Romanian: „bracacele”), pans and lidded pots.

The interior of the living room is distinguished by an archaic bed – made from a beaten earth platform, raised above the floor about 25 cm – also considering the richly decorated textiles that adorn the walls and furniture, woolen, silk, cotton fabrics. Tapestries, tablecloths, bedsheets, drapes, all beautifully decorated with various symbols and patterns. Embroidered motifs include compositions with – „lake birds”, „horse riders”, „women with umbrellas” etc. The thick woolen fabrics – mattresses (Romanian: „dusege”), bed covers, wall pillows (Romanian: „căpătâiele”) stand out as remarkable pieces of folk art.