20 November 2016

The moving hut, Meteș, Alba County, the XXth century

A traditional pastoral construction used by sheepherders to house during nighttime or unfavorable weather. The structure is made from wicker woven horizontally on a framework of thick hazel rods to form a wooden structure. The simple gable roof is covered with heaps of wheat straws and tied to the framework with elastic rods (Romanian: „gânj”) from red willow.

The hut, popularly called a „cramba” is built with two oak wood girders carved like wood for a sled, fitted to the front side access door with a beam. The flooring is made from fir wood planks on top of which a few woolen rugs were laid, or a sheepskin waistcoat, to serve as a bedding area.

It was a time of migratory sheep herding, the sheepfold used to move periodically, for economic reasons: feeding the animals and feeding barren lands on Meteș Valley (The Ampoi) with animal manure to speed up pasture growth.